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Home > Manufacturing/Packaging > Types of SMD Components: Package Types, Size, and Function

Types of SMD Components: Package Types, Size, and Function

tempo di aggiornamento: 2023-02-22 10:28:03

What are SMD Components´╝č

SMD (Surface Mount Device) components are electronic components designed to be mounted directly onto a printed circuit board (PCB) or other substrates without leading or wire connections. Instead of wires, SMD components use small metal tabs or pins that can be soldered directly onto the surface of the PCB. This allows for much higher component densities on a PCB, as the components can be placed much closer than traditional through-hole components.


SMD components come in various shapes and sizes, including resistors, capacitors, diodes, transistors, and integrated circuits (ICs). SMD components can be identified by their package type, which refers to the shape and size of the component. 


Types of SMD Components

SMD components can be classified based on several factors: function, size, and package type. Here are the most common classifications of SMD components:


Classify by Package Type

SMD components can be classified into different package types based on the physical design and shape of the component. 


Ball Grid Array (BGA)

The ball grid array uses solder balls for connections to the circuit board. These balls are arranged in a grid pattern on the bottom of the package, hence the name "ball grid array."

Ball Grid Array (BGA).jpg


Quad Flat Package (QFP)

QFP is an IC package with leads on all four sides of the component. The leads are arranged in a grid pattern, and the package can have 32 to 300 pins.

Quad Flat Package (QFP).jpg


Small Outline Integrated Circuit (SOIC)

SOIC has two rows of pins on opposite sides of the component. The pins are spaced at a standard pitch, and the package can have anywhere from 8 to 28 pins.

soic.png


Thin Small Outline Package (TSOP)

TSOP has leads on two opposite sides of the component. This package type is commonly used for memory chips and other integrated circuits.

TSOP.jpg


Dual In-Line Package (DIP)

DIP is a through-hole IC package with leads on two opposite sides of the component. Although it is less commonly used in SMD technology, it is still used for certain components, such as DIP switches and small linear regulators.

DIP.jpg


There are many other SMD package types as well, including the Chip Scale Package (CSP), the Micro Leadframe Package (MLP), and the Quad Flat No-lead (QFN) package, among others. The choice of package type for a given component depends on factors such as the size and complexity of the component, the requirements for its placement on the circuit board, and the desired level of integration.


Classify by Function 

SMD resistors are used to limit current flow in electronic circuits. They can be further classified based on their power rating, resistance value, tolerance, and temperature coefficient.

SMD resistors.png


SMD capacitors are used to store and release electrical charge. They can be further classified based on their dielectric material, capacitance value, voltage rating, and temperature coefficient.

SMD capacitors.png


SMD inductors are used to store and release magnetic energy. They can be further classified based on their inductance value, current rating, and size.

SMD inductors.png


SMD diodes allow current to flow in one direction while blocking it in the other direction. They can be further classified based on their maximum forward current, reverse voltage rating, and switching speed.

SMD diodes.png


SMD transistors are used as switches and amplifiers. They can be further classified based on their type (NPN, PNP, JFET, MOSFET, etc.), maximum power dissipation, voltage rating, and gain.

SMD transistors.png


SMD ICs contain multiple electronic components on a single chip and are used for various functions, including amplification, switching, and signal processing. They can be further classified based on their package type, pin count, and function.

SMD ICs .png


SMD crystals and oscillators generate precise frequencies for timing and synchronization applications. They can be further classified based on frequency range, stability, and temperature coefficient.

SMD crystals and oscillators.png


SMD LEDs are used as light sources in various electronic devices. They can be further classified based on color, brightness, and operating current.

SMD LEDs.png

Classification by Package sizes

SMD components come in a range of sizes, with the size determined by the package dimensions. Here are some common SMD package sizes and their dimensions.

SMD Package SizeLength (mm)Width (mm)Height (mm)

0201

0.60.30.3
0402
1.00.5
0.35
0603
1.6
0.80.35
0805
2.01.250.45
1206
3.2
1.60.45
12103.2
2.50.45
18124.53.20.45
20105.02.50.45
25126.4
3.20.45
35288.9
6.40.5
5050
5.05.00.8
50605.06.00.8
56305.63.00.8
5730
5.73.00.8
70307.0
3.00.8
70707.07.00.8
8050
8.05.00.8
8060
8.06.00.8
88508.05.00.8

SMD Components QAF

How do you identify SMD components?

SMD components can be identified by their codes or markings printed on them, such as alphanumeric codes or color codes.


What is the difference between SMT and SMD?

SMT stands for surface-mount technology, which refers to the process of mounting components onto a circuit board. SMD refers specifically to the components that are mounted using this technology.


How do you read SMD codes?

SMD codes can be read by understanding the alphanumeric codes or color codes printed on the components, which typically indicate the component's value, tolerance, and other specifications.


What are the different types of SMD resistors?

Some common types of SMD resistors include thick film, thin film, and metal film resistors.

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