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Home > Other > 2N2222A NPN Transistor Pinout, Datasheet, Equivalent, and Uses

2N2222A NPN Transistor Pinout, Datasheet, Equivalent, and Uses

tempo di aggiornamento: 2024-06-21 15:10:13


The 2N2222A is a popular NPN bipolar junction transistor (BJT) widely used in general-purpose low-power amplifying and switching applications. This article provides an in-depth overview of the 2N2222A, including its features, pinout configuration, applications, and comparisons with similar components.

What is a 2N2222A NPN Transistor?

The 2N2222A is an NPN transistor, meaning the collector and emitter will remain open (reverse-biased) when the base pin is grounded and will close (forward-biased) when a signal is applied to the base pin. The 2N2222A has a gain value ranging from 110 to 800, indicating its amplification capacity. The maximum current that can flow through the collector pin is 800mA, so it cannot support loads consuming more than this amount. To bias the transistor, current must be supplied to the base pin, which should be limited to 5mA.

When fully biased, the transistor allows a maximum of 800mA to flow between the collector and emitter, a state known as the saturation region. In this state, the typical voltage across the collector-emitter (V­CE) and base-emitter (VBE) can be 200mV and 900mV, respectively. When the base current is removed, the transistor switches off completely, entering the cut-off region, where the base-emitter voltage is around 660mV.


2N2222A Pinout

2N2222A pinout

Pin Configuration

2N2222A Pinout Configuration

Pin No.

Pin Name




Current Drains out through emitter



Controls the biasing of transistor



Current flows in through collector

Features & Specifications

2N2222A Specifications

  • Type: NPN BJT

  • Collector-Emitter Voltage (Vce): 40V

  • Collector-Base Voltage (Vcb): 75V

  • Emitter-Base Voltage (Veb): 6V

  • Collector Current (Ic): 800mA

  • Power Dissipation (Pd): 500mW

  • Gain (hFE): 100-300

  • Transition Frequency (fT): 250 MHz

  • Package: TO-18 (metal can)

2N2222A Features

  • High Speed: Suitable for high-frequency applications.

  • Low Saturation Voltage: Efficient in switching applications.

  • Robust Design: Can handle relatively high currents for its size.

  • Wide Availability: Popular and widely available component.

  • Versatile Use: Applicable in both linear and switching applications.

2N2222A Equivalents&Alternatives

Equivalent Transistors

2N2907(PNP), 2N3904(PNP), 2N3906 (PNP), BC637, S9014, BC148, 2N4403, MPS2222, PN2222, KN2222, KTN2222

Alternative Transistors

BC549, BC636, BC639, BC547, 2N2369, 2N3055, 2N3904, 2N3906, 2SC5200

Absolute Maximum Ratings of 2N2222A

Absolute Maximum Ratings of 2N2222A.png

Where 2N2222A Transistor is Used

The 2N2222A transistor is quite similar to the commonly used NPN transistor, the BC547. However, two key differences set them apart. The 2N2222A can handle a collector current of up to 800mA and has a power dissipation of 652mW, making it suitable for driving larger loads compared to the BC547.

Therefore, if you need an NPN transistor capable of switching higher current loads, the 2N2222A might be the ideal choice for your project.

How to use 2N2222A Transistor

Like all transistors, the 2N2222A can be used as a switch or an amplifier. The Base-Emitter voltage (V_BE) for this transistor is 6V, so applying this voltage across the base and emitter will induce a base current and make the transistor forward-biased, closing the connection between the collector and emitter.

An important component to consider is the base resistor, also known as the current limiting resistor. This resistor limits the current flowing through the transistor to prevent damage. The value of the base resistor (R_B) can be calculated using the formula:


For simplicity, I have shown a basic circuit to use the transistor as a switch. In actual circuits, modifications may be necessary. In this example, a base voltage of 5V is used with a 1kΩ current limiting resistor.


The motor in this circuit draws about 500mA from a 12V power source. Since the 2N2222A can handle a collector current of up to 800mA, this setup is feasible. However, using a BC547, which has a lower current rating, would result in the transistor burning out.

2N4401 Applications


The 2N2222A is widely used in small signal amplifiers, where it amplifies low-power audio or radio frequency signals. Its high gain and low noise make it suitable for such applications.


In switching applications, the 2N2222A can act as an electronic switch in circuits, controlling loads such as LEDs, relays, and other low-power devices.

Oscillators and Timers

The 2N2222A can be used in oscillator circuits, which generate periodic waveforms, and in timer circuits, which control the timing intervals in electronic devices.

Signal Processing

This transistor is also used in signal processing circuits, where it helps in modulating, demodulating, or otherwise processing electronic signals.

Hobby Projects

Due to its wide availability and ease of use, the 2N2222A is a favorite among hobbyists and is often used in educational and DIY electronics projects.

2N4401 Package

The 2N2222A is typically packaged in a TO-18 metal can, which provides good thermal dissipation and mechanical durability. This package is commonly used for low-power transistors and offers reliable performance in various environmental conditions.

2D-Model and Dimensions

2N4401 Package.jpg

What's the Difference between 2N2222A and 2N2222?

Comparison of Features and Specifications

The 2N2222 and 2N2222A are both popular NPN bipolar junction transistors used in various electronic circuits, but there are subtle differences in their specifications that can influence design decisions. Both transistors are capable of handling a collector current of up to 800 mA, but the 2N2222A generally supports a slightly higher emitter-base voltage of 6V compared to the 2N2222's 5V. Moreover, the 2N2222A offers enhancements in maximum collector-emitter voltage at 40V versus the 30V provided by the 2N2222, making the former more suitable for higher voltage applications.

2N2222A vs 2N2222.jpg

Differences in Performance and Functionality

In terms of performance, the 2N2222A tends to exhibit a higher transition frequency (up to 250 MHz) compared to the typical 2N2222 (around 200 MHz), which translates to better performance in high-frequency applications. The improved transition frequency of the 2N2222A means it can switch faster, a crucial attribute for high-speed switching applications and tasks requiring efficient signal amplification at higher frequencies.

Suitability for Different Applications

The enhanced features of the 2N2222A make it more adaptable for applications that demand higher voltage ratings and faster switching capabilities, such as RF amplifiers and more complex switching circuits. On the other hand, the 2N2222 may still be preferred for general-purpose applications where the additional voltage capability and speed are not necessary, which can help in optimizing the cost and efficiency of mass-produced consumer electronics. The choice between the two will largely depend on the specific requirements of the project, including factors like voltage, current, and frequency.

What's the Difference between 2N2222A and 2N3904?


Comparison of Features and Specifications

  • 2N2222A: Collector current of 800mA, power dissipation of 500mW, TO-18 package.

  • 2N3904: Collector current of 200mA, power dissipation of 625mW, TO-92 package.

Differences in Performance and Functionality

The 2N2222A can handle higher currents than the 2N3904, making it more suitable for applications requiring higher power. However, the 2N3904 may be preferred for low-power applications due to its higher power dissipation capability.

Suitability for Different Applications

The 2N2222A is better suited for applications needing higher current capacity, while the 2N3904 is ideal for low-power applications and circuits with limited space.

Advantages & Disadvantages


  • High speed and frequency response.

  • Low cost and wide availability.

  • Versatile and suitable for a variety of applications.

  • Easy to use and integrate into circuits.


  • Limited to low-power applications.

  • Higher power transistors may be needed for applications requiring more than 800mA current.

2N2222A Datasheet

Download 2N2222A Datasheet PDF.


The 2N2222A is a versatile and widely used NPN transistor, ideal for a variety of low-power amplifying and switching applications. Its high speed, reliability, and ease of use make it a staple in both professional and hobbyist electronic projects. With extensive support and availability, the 2N2222A continues to be a valuable component in the electronics industry.

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